Metaverse Software Architecture: Figure Out Behind The Curtain Technologies

By Web3 Solutions

February 27, 2023

Metaverse architectures build a space where the real and virtual worlds become one. But how does it become one? What are the technologies behind the hood of the metaverse? How do these interact in the ecosystem, allowing us to extend our senses of sight, hearing, and touch? These are the major questions that meet our every conversation since Mark Zuckerberg, founder of the once known as Facebook, now Meta, announced “Metaverse a digital realm in which whatever we can conceive may exist.” Another hottest news is “The market size of the metaverse is over $38.5 billion.” exciting for people to know more about the trending business atmosphere.

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If you are planning to build metaverse software but are confused about metaverse architecture, this blog is a perfect fit option. Here we have discussed what is behind the bars of immersive users creating an environment. Let’s check out Metaverse Software Architecture in detail with us;

What is The Metaverse?

Metaverse is still a new term for many. Therefore “what is metaverse?” is for those. It's an online virtual world that incorporates Augmented Reality Virtual Reality, 3D holographic avatars, videos, and other forms of communication. The platform allows users to create their avatars or digital twins that represent them in the digital world. Here, users can interact, chat, hear, touch, smell, and enter into the 3D immersive environment with software and hardware devices. One can create a virtual environment as per their desire.

More on the list, metaverse allows users to connect, form communities, and expand their enterprises without leaving their place. From scheduling interviews to conducting award shows and from viewing a property to completing paper works on sale, everything can be managed through virtual tours.

Here’s a list of some prominent industries building an innovative platform;

  • Education in metaverse
  • Game in metaverse
  • Social media in the metaverse
  • Ecommerce in metaverse
  • Banking in metaverse
  • Real estate in the metaverse
  • Traveling in metaverse
  • Virtual offices in the metaverse
  • Entertainment in metaverse

The list is still growing as budding entrepreneurs are joining with innovative ideas.

What is Metaverse Software Architecture?

Metaverse Software Architecture involves all the details on which software designing to development and deployment based. In other words, it involves all the technologies that help to build a complete structure of software in the metaverse and let you enjoy superb 3D designs. The place provides an exciting user experience with no limitations, and one can trigger the dream into reality.

Metaverse Software Architecture - Tech Stack Used

Here is a list of tech stacks used for creating the metaverse platform:

1. AR and VR Technologies

Both AR and VR technologies are required to access the virtual world for real-life-like experiences in the metaverse. Users can use wearable devices such as screens, smartphones, laptops, and others to run augmented reality apps.

Tech Stack for AR/VR Development

I. Unity

A cross-platform gaming engine designed to provide real-time experience in the virtual world. If someone is planning for Games, Architecture, Automotive, Films, or other industry solutions, it's a perfect solution. Unity also provides support to multiple operating systems, such as Windows, Mac OS, and Linux, as well as 14+ platforms, including VR devices, consoles, and mobile.

II. Unreal Engine

Unreal Engine is a metaverse and web3 game development engine designed to support 3D editors and develop immersive events content. The game uses C++ language coding and helps to build projects ranging from media to real estate.

III. ARToolKit

It’s an open-source computer tracking library for the creation of strong augmented reality applications that overlay virtual imagery in the real world. ARToolKit support for multiple web3 programming languages.

IV. Google ARcore

ARCore is Google's platform for building augmented reality experiences. It supports developers with multiple features, such as environmental comprehension, light estimation, and motion tracking, along with advanced tools.

V. Apple ARkit

ARKit combines device motion tracking, camera scene capture, advanced scene processing, and display conveniences to simplify the task of building an AR experience.

VI. Maxst AR

 MAXST AR SDK is an all-in-one cross-platform AR engine that provides all the functions and environments required for augmented reality apps, such as camera movement and even beyond, to offer a vivid experience.

2. AI

AI or Artificial intelligence- also known as the future of the tech world. It acts as a key driver to improve users' experience in the metaverse. AI’s most common applications are fast computing, identity verification, analytics, and more. In the world of the metaverse, artificial intelligence helps create 2D and 3D-based avatars per the users’ characteristics. AI is also used for auto-response to answer user queries via chat for the apps available in the metaverse.

Also Read: Metaverse Development Cost Breakdown

Tech-Stack for AI Development

I. AWS Sage Maker

Amazon SageMaker is a fully managed machine learning service. It allows data scientists and developers to build and train machine learning models in one click and then directly deploy more than 150 open-source models into a production-ready hosted environment.

II. Scikit-Learn

Scikit-learn is an open-source data analysis library of Machine Learning (ML) in the Python ecosystem. The key concepts and features of Scikit-Learn include Algorithmic decision-making methods, Classification, and identifying and categorizing data based on patterns.

III. TensorFlow

It's an open-source library developed by Google primarily for deep learning applications. TensorFlow supports traditional machine learning and assists developers in running AI models on cross-platforms such as Android, iOS, and web apps.

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3. Blockchain

Blockchain technology is used to establish the decentralized network of virtual worlds and 3D spaces known as Metaverse. The technology helps users to freely move on the platform and make transactions without fretting about security. Some of the promising blockchain technologies, like Ethereum, Solana, Polygon, Polkadot, Corda, etc., are used for NFTs, smart contracts, cryptocurrencies, etc.

Blockchain technology also plays a crucial role in building the next generation of the internet, i.e., web3 platforms.

Blockchain technology is developed in different layers, such as

  • Layer 1: Blockchain Networks
  • Layer 2: Nodes and Node Providers
  • Layer 3: Web3 APIs and Web3 API Providers
  • Layer 4: Web3 and Web3 Dev Tools and Platforms
  • Layer 5: Decentralized Applications
  • Technology Stack For Blockchain Development

    I. Front-End development

    The Users Interface section is where your users interact with your platform.

    • JavaScript-based framework; React-native.
    • HTML
    • WebSocket
    • CSS
    • Web3js

    II. Backend Development

    The backend part involves platform features like web3 crypto wallet, token creation, and smart contract that you want to add to your metaverse platform, which is developed with

    • Solidity
    • Rust
    • Node.js
    • React Native
    • DocumentDB
    • MongoDB.
    • Auth0
    • Web3js

    4. 3D Modeling

    Metaverse involves 3D modeling for a real-life-like experience for users. It enables users to interact with avatars, buildings, clothes, and a lot more details. Businesses like real estate, fashion, event management, traveling, etc., are using 3D meddling to showcase their exclusive products. More shops, offices, and accessories can be created to offer real-life experiences.

    Technology Stack for 3D Development

    I. Unreal Engine

    With open and advanced real-time 3D development tools, the platform enables the creation of next-gen 3D places. Businesses access the following features for 3D development in Unreal Engine:

    • Open world toolset
    • Real-time rendering
    • Advanced UI editor
    • Built-in tools for advanced animation

    II. Unity

    One of the most well-liked game production platforms. It enables you to produce 3D VR components. It also supports well-known VR systems like Oculus. Developers use it to access multiple features, such as the most advanced 3D editor, game development tools, well-curated documentation, artist tools, and much more.

    III.Microsoft Mesh

    A mixed reality app, Microsoft Mesh is a platform that enables presence and shared experiences from any location. It enables gestures, eye contact, and facial emotions, letting human individuality shine in the virtual world.

    Also Read: Metaverse As A Service Platform Development

    5. Internet of Things

    The combination of Metaverse and IoT will allow tech experts to create digital twins or replicas. Without it, the metaverse would lack the power to render realistic experiences.

    Metaverse and IoT also have the potential to unlock new opportunities for the industrial domain, individual needs, and social requirements.

    To leverage the power of both technologies, tech experts are pairing AI, machine learning, and other technologies to manage data for a better experience.

    Tech-Stack for IoT Development

    I. MQTT

    MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight open messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients with a minimum to distribute telemetry information in low-bandwidth environments.

    II. Azure IoT hub

    Azure IoT enables IoT devices to connect to the cloud, perform analysis on the collected data and take actions based on generated insights. It is a secured and scalable IoT platform. Its main services include;

    • Azure IoT Hub
    • Azure IoT Central
    • Time series insights


    Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) enables encrypted and interoperable messaging between organizations and applications. AMQP is four times faster than HTTP protocol, which enables rapid transaction flow in the metaverse.

    IV. Lorawan

    Low Power Wide Area Networking (LPWAN) communication protocol that functions on LoRa. The protocol connects a wide range of IoT devices and enables secured communication between devices and network gateways.

    6. Edge Computing

    Technology is a big part of immersive solutions in virtual space. It enables data processing at faster speeds and volumes and leads to greater action-led results in real-time. From the wearable on your wrist to the computers parsing intersection traffic flow. Metaverse uses edge computing to improve its performance and offer its users a smooth, hassle-free experience.

    7. 5G

    A fast internet connection is an essential requirement that helps metaverse to offer a better experience. Users can transfer data faster and process information at a faster pace. 5G also enables users to render their virtual environment faster by offering them more bandwidth. Without fast internet, it is not possible for companies to provide highly smooth performance on the metaverse.

    Also Read: Metaverse Event Platform Development

    8. Mobile Device Processors

    • Mobile device processors play a crucial role in the metaverse due to the widespread use of AR and VR.
    • These processors improve graphic processing management for AR/VR-based devices by providing a high refresh rate with lower latency to enhance the metaverse platform experience.
    • Also, a lot of wearable technology takes advantage of these mobile CPUs to provide their customers with a metaverse platform experience.

    Get Diverse Metaverse Development Services

    Enjoy realistic yet dreamy experience with our unique Metaverse Development Services.

    9. Programming Language

    Programming languages such as Rust, Solidity, C++, Python, etc., are used for writing smart contracts and implementing backend functionality. Blockchain developers select the programming language based on platform features and functionalities. Besides these, developers are also exploring more programming languages to build metaverse platforms.

    Wrapping Up

    As the popularity of the metaverse is increasing day by day. And it is expected the world will connect more with devices.

    Still, the industry is in its development phase, and many industries observe its potential and how it will roll in the next five years.

    Metaverse software architecture involves a wide range of top-notch technologies. Above, we tried to mention the majority of these used to build metaverse solutions with AI, AR, VR, 5G, 3D modeling, IoT, programming language, and more.

    If you want to know more about your platform structure, schedule a call with our experts. We offer:

    • Metaverse Development Services
    • Metaverse Integration Services
    • NFT Marketplace Development Services
    • Crypto Wallet Development Services
    • Smart Contract Development Services
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